Geographic Location and Population


The city of Valencia is the capital of the “Valencian Region” and the province of Valencia. It is located in the middle-east of Spain, on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The city is considered the third largest city of the Spanish State, according to its population rate, 1,500,000 inhabitants.

The Province of Valencia has an area of approximately 10,807 km2. Inland, you can find mountainous areas whilst on the coast the land is completely flat, and has many beaches as well as a big lake called “La Albufera”.

Due to its characteristics and infrastructure, Valencia and outskirts are one of the most attractive cities in Spain. Its climate is pleasing during the whole year, with more than 300 sunny days per year, and an average temperature of 16.70C.


Valencia was founded by the Romans in 138 BC, and named “Valentia”, which has remained up to the present day. Valencia has seen a variety of different cultures throughout its long history: The Romans, the Visigoths and the Moors made the city and important centre of culture and finance. In the year 1094, “El Cid Campeador” conquered Valencia from the Moors; however in 1102 it was re-conquered by the Moors. Finally in 1238, Jaume I de Aragon re-conquered the city for good.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, it became one of the great economic forces of the Mediterranean; this period is known as “Valencian Golden Century”, which emphasizes its artistic splendour. During the second half of the 19th century, Valencia became the bastion of Republican and Socialist ideas. In the Civil War, it was converted into the Republican Capital after the removal of the government from Madrid (1937-1939). Since 1982 it has been the capital of the Valencian Region.

Nowadays, Valencia is a modern and cosmopolitan city hosting many international events like the 32nd and 33rd America’s Cup and Valencia Street Circuit F1.

Touristic information

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